Computed tomography with stress maneuvers for diagnosing syndesmotic instability

a summarized research protocol for a new examination

  • João Carlos Rodrigues Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil and Hospital das Clínicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7107-2621
  • Alexandre Leme Godoy-Santos Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil and Hospital das Clínicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Marcelo Pires Prado Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • José Felipe Marion Alloza Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Adham do Amaral e Castro Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil and Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Renato do Amaral Masagão Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Durval do Carmo Santos Barros Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Caio Augusto de Souza Nery Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil and Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Laercio Alberto Rosemberg Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil and Hospital das Clínicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Keywords: Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods, Ankle joint/diagnostic imaging, Magnetic resonance imaging

Abstract

Syndesmotic instability is a fundamental question that guides treatment; despite the currently available diagnostic imaging tests, its determination is still challenging. Knowledge of the instability degree assists the physician in the decision-making process regarding surgical or nonsurgical treatments. The authors are currently conducting a prospective diagnostic accuracy study by consecutively selecting individuals aged 18 years and older with an orthopaedic clinical examination indicating suspected acute syndesmotic injury. Magnetic resonance imaging is the reference standard used for evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of 3 computed tomography index tests. These tests include the neutral position and 2 ankle stress maneuvers: external rotation and dorsiflexion. Comparative measurements between the injured syndesmosis and the uninjured contralateral side of the same individual evaluate the tibiofibular relationship and investigate syndesmotic instability. This study aims to describe a summarized research protocol for a new technique using computed tomography with stress maneuvers and to show a didactic example of syndesmotic instability diagnosis. Level of Evidence V; Diagnostic Studies; Expert Opinion.

Published
21-12-2020
How to Cite
Rodrigues, J., Godoy-Santos , A., Prado , M., Alloza , J., Amaral e Castro , A., Masagão , R., Barros , D., Nery , C., & Rosemberg , L. (2020). Computed tomography with stress maneuvers for diagnosing syndesmotic instability: a summarized research protocol for a new examination. Journal of the Foot & Ankle, 14(3), 243-248. https://doi.org/10.30795/jfootankle.2020.v14.1213