Posterior femoral hemiepiphysiodesis for genu recurvatum with equinus foot deformity: a novel surgical proposal

Authors

  • Nei Botter Montenegro Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
  • Talissa Oliveira Generoso Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9277-7746
  • Amancio Ramalho Júnior Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4267-4567

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30795/jfootankle.2022.v16.1665

Keywords:

Child, Knee, Joint deformities, acquired, Orthopedic procedures/methods

Abstract

Genu recurvatum is characterized as an hyperextension deformity of the knee in the sagittal plane and can be associated to structured equinus deformity of the ankle and foot. Amongst its causes are conditions like arthrogryposis, cerebral palsy, tibial tuberosity arrest, poliomyelitis and syndromes with generalized ligamentous hyperlaxity. The treatment of this condition can be challenging, specially when associated with equinus of the foot and, to date, aggressive methods such as femur or tibia osteotomies are the most used for its correction. We describe here a safe and minimally invasive technique with posterior hemiepiphysiodesis of the distal femur performed with transphyseal screws for correction of the genu recurvatum with apex on the distal femur associated with rigid equinus of the foot due to tarsal coalition. This technique has great potential for correcting the recurvate knee in the immature skeleton and can be an excellent alternative to the more aggressive methods currently used for the treatment of this deformity. Level of Evidence V; Therapeutic Studies; Expert Opinion.

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Published

2022-12-20

How to Cite

Botter Montenegro, N. ., Oliveira Generoso, T., & Ramalho Júnior, A. (2022). Posterior femoral hemiepiphysiodesis for genu recurvatum with equinus foot deformity: a novel surgical proposal. Journal of the Foot & Ankle, 16(3), 322–325. https://doi.org/10.30795/jfootankle.2022.v16.1665