Evaluation of quality of life and radiological parameters after hallux valgus correction
Keywords:Hallux valgus, Osteotomy, Quality of life
Objective: To evaluate the quality of life of patients undergoing hallux valgus correction and maintenance of radiographic parameters over time. Methods: The study included 38 patients who underwent hallux valgus correction surgery using different osteotomy techniques (Scarf, Chevron, Arciform, Proximal Chevron and Chevron-Akin) between January 2010 and December 2012. The patients were evaluated radiographically at 3 different periods (preoperatively and 1 year and 5 years postoperatively) and completed the SF-36 quality-of life questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed using Student’s t-test and the nonparametric Wilcoxon and Friedman tests at a maximum significance level of 5%. Results: Among the main results obtained for the SF-36 questionnaire, the domain patients felt better about emotional aspects, physical limitations and social aspects, with a final mean of 74.9. The metatarsophalangeal and intermetatarsal angles and medial eminence exhibited significant reductions in the postoperative period (p<0.05), and only 1 patient presented with the loss of joint congruence. Conclusion: Different surgical osteotomy techniques used to correct moderate and severe hallux valgus provide improvements in the radiological parameters and quality of life of patients. Level of Evidence IV; Therapeutic Studies; Case Series.